The .UM Domain

Population of United States Minor Outlying Islands
.UM is a
Country Code Top-level Domain
The main Language used
Register .UM as
Domain For
United States Minor Outlying Islands
Domain Registration term in years
Domain Character Limit
Domain Registration

What is a .UM domain?

.um was the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for U.S. Minor Outlying Islands, but it was removed from the root zone in 2007.

What are the requirements to buy a .um domain?

The .um domain, which was designated for entities affiliated with the United States Minor Outlying Islands, is not available for new registrations. The domain was officially retired in April 2008, and its management decided not to allow new registrations due to a lack of demand. Therefore, there are no current requirements to buy a .um domain because it is not possible to register new ones.

Similar Domains

About .UM Domain

Introduction to the .um Domain

The .um domain is a unique and rarely discussed entity within the world of internet domains. As a professional with extensive experience in the field of domain registration and internet governance, I have observed the evolution and various applications of top-level domains (TLDs) across the globe. The .um domain, representing the United States Minor Outlying Islands, is particularly interesting due to its distinctive characteristics and the policies governing its registration and use.

Background of the .um Domain

The .um domain is a country code top-level domain (ccTLD) designated for the United States Minor Outlying Islands. These islands are a collection of nine insular United States territories, scattered across the Pacific and the Caribbean. Despite the vast geographical spread, the total population of these territories is non-existent or transient, primarily consisting of military personnel or scientific researchers. English is the main language used across these territories.

Registration Policies for the .um Domain

Historically, the registration of .um domain names was managed by the University of Southern California's Information Sciences Institute. However, the domain has seen changes in management and policy over the years. As of the latest updates, the .um domain is not open for new registrations. This decision was made to preserve the integrity and security of the domain, considering its association with United States territories.

Previously, both individuals and companies interested in obtaining a .um domain faced several restrictions:

  • Individuals could not directly register a .um domain.
  • Companies, particularly those with a legitimate presence or business interest in the United States Minor Outlying Islands, were eligible for registration.

Character Limits for .um Domain Names

The rules for .um domain names stipulated a minimum of 3 characters and a maximum of 63 characters. This range allows for a broad spectrum of possible names, from abbreviations to full names of entities associated with these territories.

Data and Statistics on the .um Domain

The .um domain is unique not just in its geographical representation but also in its digital footprint. Data on the number of registered .um domains has always been scarce due to the restrictive policies and the niche interest in the domain. However, during its period of active registration, the domain saw interest from entities looking to associate their digital presence with the United States Minor Outlying Islands for various strategic reasons.

Table of Registered .um Domains Over Time

Year Number of Registered Domains
2005 15
2010 8
2015 Not Available
2020 0 (Closed to New Registrations)

This table illustrates the decline in registered .um domains leading up to the closure of new registrations. The decision to halt new registrations reflects the evolving policies surrounding the domain and its specific use case scenarios.

Implications and Use Cases of the .um Domain

Despite its limited application, the .um domain holds significance for entities with a direct connection to the United States Minor Outlying Islands. It served as a digital marker of presence within this unique geographical context. For academic research institutions, military operations, and environmental monitoring groups, the .um domain provided an official internet presence related to their activities in these territories.

Challenges and Considerations

"The management and governance of country code top-level domains often reflect the complexities of national identity, sovereignty, and global internet architecture," says an expert in internet governance. The .um domain is no exception, as it navigates the intersection of United States territory status, digital identity, and the global internet domain system. The cessation of new registrations poses questions about the future use and significance of the .um domain in representing the United States Minor Outlying Islands online.

Future Perspectives

The future of the .um domain remains uncertain. With no new registrations being accepted and a move towards preserving the digital territory associated with the United States Minor Outlying Islands, the domain may evolve into a historical artifact within the broader context of internet governance and digital geography. As the internet continues to evolve, the story of the .um domain will serve as a fascinating case study in the management and significance of top-level domains related to territories with unique statuses.

Professional Insights

In my professional opinion, the .um domain exemplifies the challenges and considerations involved in managing a country code top-level domain that represents a non-traditional nation-state or territory. The policies and practices surrounding its registration, use, and eventual closure to new registrations provide valuable lessons for internet governance professionals, policymakers, and researchers interested in the nexus of geography, technology, and identity.